Medical surveillance is a legal requirement under the Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health Regulation (USECHH 2000) of Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA 1994), Factor and Machinery Act 1967 (FMA 1967) and a number of other regulations covering specific hazards such as asbestos, mineral dust, lead, noise, radiation and schedule waste.
The components of Medical Surveillance Program include:
Pre-employment and pre-placement medical examination
Biological monitoring and biological effect monitoring
Health effect monitoring
Investigation of occupational disease and poisoning including workplace inspection
Notification of occupational disease and poisoning
Assist in disability assessment
Return to work examination after medical removal protection
Record keeping and monitoring.